bbin接口有什么用,中考必备干货之专项复习(三)连词专讲专练

发布时间:2020-01-09 13:17:04   热度:3203

bbin接口有什么用,中考必备干货之专项复习(三)连词专讲专练

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1小时突破音标重难点

掌握“美式发音”技巧,一个句子就go了!

连词按性质主要分两类:并列连词和从属连词。

一、并列连词(连接意义相关、层次相同的两个单词、短语或分句)

考点一: and表示并列、顺承关系。

考点二: or表示选择关系,意为“或;还是”,通常用在肯定句和选择疑问句中。在否定句中连接并列成分时,则表示“也不”。

考点三: and / or常用于句型“祈使句 (,) + and / or ...”中。and 表示“那么;则”,or 表示“否则”,祈使句具有条件句的含义。

考点四: but, yet表示转折关系。

考点五: so, for表示因果关系。for通常是对前面的情况加以解释,不能回答why引导的问句。

【考例链接】

( )1. this is a photo of my family. these are my parents ______ this is my brother bob.

a. so b. if

c. but d. and

(2015山东济南)

( )2. when you get into trouble, will you keep trying ______ give up?

a. or b. and

c. but d. so

(2016黑龙江大庆)

( )3. last night, the shop was closed ______ she didn't buy any chocolate.

a. so b. if

c. or d. when

(2016江西)

( )4. —which would you like, tea ______ milk?

—tea, please.

a. and b. or c. but

(2016湖南常德)

( )5. —i want to be a teacher when i grow up.

—work hard, ______ your dream will come true.

a. or b. but

c. though d. and

(2016贵州铜仁)

考点六: 其他并列连词有both ... and ...,as well as,not only ... but also ...,neither ... nor ... 和either ... or ...。

注意:

1. both ... and ... 连接两个主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。

2. as well as 连接两个主语时,谓语动词应该与前面的主语在人称和数上保持一致。

3. not only ... but also ...,neither ... nor ... 和either ... or ... 连接两个主语时,谓语动词常与but also, nor或or 后面的主语在人称和数上保持一致,也就是遵循就近一致的原则。

【考例链接】

( )1. —what do you think of your english teacher?

—i like him very much. he is ______ kind ______ hard-working.

a. either; or b. neither; nor

c. not; or d. not only; but also

(2016辽宁丹东)

( )2. —alice, how do your parents like pop music?

—______ my dad ______ my mom likes it. but they both prefer beijing opera.

a. either; or b. neither; nor

c. not only; but also d. both; and

(2016湖北荆门)

( )3. —when shall we send the washing machine to you, mrs. read?

—______ on thursday ______ on friday, please. i'll be at home then.

a. either; or b. neither; nor c. both; and

(2016海南)

( )4. —have you watched the latest tv program running man?

—of course! it's popular with ______ the young ______ the old.

a. either; or b. neither; nor

c. both; and d. not; but

(2016湖北咸宁)

( )5. my grandma's hobby is ______ cooking ______ watching tv. it's square dancing.

a. not only; but also b. neither; nor

c. both; and d. either; or

(2016江苏盐城)

二、从属连词(连接主从复合句)

考点一:引导时间状语从句的从属连词有when,while,before,after,till,until,since(自从)和as soon as等。

温馨提示:

1. when表示“当……的时候”,其引导的从句的动词既可用延续性动词也可用短暂性动词。而while表示“与……同时;当……的时候”时,其引导的从句的动词常为延续性动词或表状态的动词。

注意:when可用在sb. was about to do sth. when ... 或 sb. was doing sth. when ...句型中,表示“某人正要干某事,这时(突然)……”或“某人正在干某事,这时……”。该句型结构中的when是并列连词。

2. until用在肯定句中,表示“一直到……时(为止)”,这时主句中的动词为延续性动词。用在否定句中时,表示“直到……才……”。

3. "it has been / it's been +时间段+ since ..."表示“自从……以来已经有多长时间了”。

当since从句用一般过去时时,主句通常用现在完成时。

4. 当before引导的从句用一般过去时时,若主句的动作在从句动作发生以前已经发生,则主句用过去完成时。

【考例链接】

( )1. ______ i got home, my sister was doing her homework.

a. when b. because

c. if d. though

(2016北京)

( )2. —what were you doing ______ i knocked at the door?

—i was sleeping.

a. unless b. once

c. when d. while

(2016湖北黄石)

( )3. they were playing soccer on the playground ______ the storm came.

a. as soon as b. as long as

c. when d. while

(2016四川内江)

( )4. i was writing a letter ______ she was making a telephone call.

a. while b. when c. before

(2016黑龙江齐齐哈尔)

( )5. a stupid man tells a woman to shut up, while a wise man tells her that her mouth is quite beautiful ______ it is closed.

a. unless b. since

c. when d. though

(2016河南)

考点二:引导条件状语从句的从属连词有if,unless,once和as long as。

【考例链接】

( )1. —the students of grade 9 in changchun have to take part in the p.e. test from 2016.

—yes, ______ you want to pass it and be stronger, practice more.

a. until b. if

c. unless d. or

(2016吉林长春)

( )2. —we will fail the exam ______ we study hard.

—that's why we are trying our best to prepare for the exam.

a. until b. when

c. unless d. how

(2016湖北十堰)

( )3. your hearing will be badly hurt ______ you always listen to music by earphones (耳机).

a. whether b. where c. if

(2016黑龙江哈尔滨)

( )4. —i really want to join the square dance. can i learn the dance well?

—yes, mom! nothing is impossible ______ you put your heart into it!

a. as long as b. as soon as

c. even if d. unless

(2016湖北随州)

( )5. —learning to love is like learning to walk.

—yes, ______ we step out bravely, we'll find it's not so difficult.

a. as if b. even though

c. as long as d. as far as

(2016湖北宜昌)

考点三:引导结果状语从句的从属连词有so ... that ...,such ... that ... 和so that。

温馨提示:

1. 在so ... that ... 结构中,so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。

★so+形容词 / 副词+that从句

so+形容词+a / an+可数名词单数形式+that从句

so+ many / few +可数名词复数形式+that从句

so+ much / little+不可数名词+that从句

2. 在such ... that ... 结构中,such后面跟名词或名词短语。

★such+a / an+形容词+可数名词单数形式+that从句

such+形容词+可数名词复数形式 / 不可数名词+that从句

【考例链接】

( )1. lu han is ______ an excellent actor ______ most teenagers like him.

a. such; that b. so; that c. too; to

(2016黑龙江龙东地区)

( )2. he was ______ crazy about rock music ______ he almost spent all his free time listening to it.

a. too; to b. so; that c. both; and

(2016青海)

( )3. the elephant has ______ a strong body ______ it can do heavy work for people.

a. so; that b. such; that

c. such; so d. so; and

(2016甘肃天水)

( )4. —why didn't you write down what the teacher said?

—he spoke ______ fast ______ i didn't follow him.

a. so; that b. too; to c. very; that

(2016湖北恩施)

考点四:引导原因状语从句的从属连词有because和since(既然)等。

考点五:引导目的状语从句的从属连词有so that和in order that。

考点六:引导让步状语从句的从属连词有although / though,even though / even if,while(虽然)。

【考例链接】

( )1. zootopia, the cartoon, is popular ______ there are many lovely animals in it.

a. though b. because

c. if d. because of

(2016黑龙江大庆)

( )2. she dressed up ______ everyone might notice her.

a. in order to b. in order that c. although

(2016黑龙江齐齐哈尔)

( )3. ______ simon has done well in his studies, he still works really hard.

a. although b. because

c. unless d. when

(2016辽宁沈阳)

( )4. i didn't accept his help ______ i wanted to try it myself.

a. because b. though

c. until d. unless

(2016陕西)

( )5. ______ he was very tired, he continued working in his office.

a. because b. since c. although

(2016福建泉州)

(未完待续)

中考必备干货之专项复习(一)名词专讲专练

中考必备干货之专项复习(二)代词专讲专练

中考必备干货之专项复习(三)冠词专讲专练

中考必备干货之专项复习(三)介词专讲专练

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